The Tasmanian Devil, Sarcophilus harrisii, is about the size of a small to moderate sized Dog.
The Tasmanian Devil now only lives wild in Tasmania and a few smaller islands. It used to reside on the Mainland as well. They probably became extinct on Animal Removal Orlando the mainland about 400 years back. Competition with feral Dingos might have been among the causes of its extinction.
The Tasmanian Devil is the largest Marsupial Carnivore. This also means that it’s the largest carnivorous Mammal native to Australia still in Existence. When Europeans first came to Australia, there was one Carnivorous Marsupial larger. Of course there are larger Carnivores in Australia. The largest one is that the badly named Salt Water Crocodile.
Though the Devil will certainly search, it’s largely a scavenger. It does a significant job on farms, eating any dead animals. The very strong jaws let it eat all areas of the animal including bones. If a big animal dies there may be a variety of those scavengers round the carcase making quite alarming noises. Their prey includes Wallabies such as the Tasmanian Pademelon. They’ll eat whatever animal they can catch or find like birds, reptiles, amphibians, insects and items washed up on the shore.
For more than a hundred years this creature, along with the Thylacine was shot, trapped and poisoned. The Thylacine is now probably extinct, and it seemed that the Devil was going the same way. In 1941 it had been given complete protection under the law. Then they were hit by a catastrophic disease.
This deadly disease causes cancers around the creature’s mouth, face, neck and occasionally other areas of the body. Where the devil population is large, as much as 90 percent of those animals are dying. The numbers of the iconic creature are decreasing.
Foxes have to Tasmania. Up to now they’re only present at low densities, but if they’re permitted to improve their impact on the Devils is unknown, but potentially devastating. On the mainland they’ve contributed to the extinction of several species.